Knowledge management plays an important role in the software architecting process
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[German title: Wissensmanagement spielt eine wichtige Rolle im Prozess der Softwarearchitektur]

RIK FARENHORST, PATRICIA LAGO, HANS VAN VLIET  
EAGLE: EFFECTIVE TOOL SUPPORT FOR SHARING ARCHITECTURAL KNOWLEDGE
International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems (IJCIS) 
Year: 2007 Vol: 16 Issue: 3/4 (September & December 2007) Page: 413 – 437

Abstract: Knowledge management plays an important role in the software architecting process. Recently, this role has become more apparent by a paradigm shift that views a software architecture as the set of architectural design decisions it embodies. This shift has sparked the discussion in both research and practice on how to best facilitate sharing of so-called architectural knowledge, and how tools can best be employed. In order to design successful tool support for architectural knowledge sharing it is important to take into account what software architecting really entails. In this paper, we define the main characteristics of architecting, based on observations in a large software development organization, and state-of-the-art literature in software architecture. Based on the defined characteristics, we determine how best practices known from knowledge management could be used to improve architectural knowledge sharing. This results in the definition of a set of desired properties of architectural knowledge sharing tools. Finally, we highlight the design and implementation of EAGLE, an architectural knowledge sharing portal that implements those properties.

Keyword(s): Architectural knowledge, knowledge sharing, tool support

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